A Guide for Project Managers to 42 Agile Methodologies

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Several years ago, Scrum was agile. Today you can ask “is agile Scrum?”. We now know that there is more to the bones.
There are currently more than fifty agile frameworks, approaches, and methods that are available. Agile is more than one methodology. In fact, you could argue that “agile method” itself is not even possible.
A majority of project professionals believe that their company has used hybrid project management methods. Many of these combine agile principles with more traditional methods such as the Waterfall method.
How can you distinguish between the different agile management approaches and which one you should use?
This article will discuss the benefits of agile frameworks for project managers who are working in the digital transformation industry. As a project manager, this article will help you understand the different agile styles and how to choose the best way to work for your project. This means that I won’t discuss obscure or less-known approaches. I won’t be going into too much detail about frameworks related to engineering, program, portfolio, and culture.
Agile is more than one methodology. In fact, you could argue that “agile methodology” itself is not even possible.
List of Agile Methodologies Frameworks & Approaches
This article will focus on the following frameworks, methodologies, and approaches that are all rooted in agile principles.
Design Thinking
Agile Project Management (AgilePM).
PMI-Agile Certified Professional (PMI ACP)
Project Half Double
Agile Program Management (AgilePgM).
Scale Agile Framework (SAFe).
Large-Scale Scrum (LeSS)
Scrum at Scale
Spotify Model
Scaled Agile Lean Development
Agile Fluency
Open Space Agility (OSA).
Agility Scales
Disciplined Agile (DA).
Toyota Production System (TPS).
Agile Digital Services (AgileDS).
Management of Portfolios (MoP).
Standard for Portfolio Management (SfPfM).
Agile Portfolio Management (AgilePfM)
Evidence-Based Portfolio Management (E-B PfM)
Bimodal Portfolio Management (Bimodal PfM)
eXtreme Programming – XP
Acceptance Test Driven Development
Test-driven development (TDD)
Behavior-Driven Development (BDD).
FDD (Feature-Driven Development)
Experiment-Driven Development (EDD)
User Experience Design (UX Design).
Agile Business Analysis (AgileBA).
Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)
Agile Modeling (AM).
As I mentioned, I don’t go into detail on approaches that are geared towards portfolio-level, engineering level, or organizational culture. This article will highlight the methods that I have covered in some detail. You can read my blog for more information.
A bird’s eye view of the Agile Forest
To give you a better understanding of the various approaches, I try and create a structure in the jungle that relates to methods, approaches, and frameworks. Figure 1, which I refer to as my “bird’s-eye view of the agile forest”, shows the 44 most well-known agile approaches arranged in a structure. This picture is based upon a simplified version of the book Scaling Agile in Organizaties, which I published in 2017.
Below is a breakdown of the picture’s structure.
The dark blue boxes contain agile approaches that can only be used in IT-focused organizations. All other approaches are in lightblue, which means they can be used in IT-oriented and non-IT-oriented organisations.
Overview of agile frameworks, methods and approaches. I have organized agile approaches according to whether they are used for a one-time project or program, or for ongoing business as usual. The methods, frameworks and approaches are organized in two main sections.

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